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What's the difference between drip and pour over coffee

What’s the difference between drip and pour over coffee?

The video provides tips and information on brewing better coffee, including the different brewing methods, the effects of roast type and milk, the importance of grinding your own beans, and the recommended daily consumption. James Hoffmann answers the internet’s burning questions about coffee

Key insights from this video:

🍵 Coffee roast type doesn’t affect caffeine much, decaf coffee is made by removing caffeine before roasting, and new low-caffeine coffee varieties are being developed.

  • 👀 Drinking coffee can cause a sudden urge to use the bathroom, but cheaper coffee kits like Aeropress and Moka Pot can make strong coffee without an espresso machine.
    • You can’t really make espresso without a machine, but there are cheaper coffee kits like the Aeropress and Moka pot that can make strong coffee.
    • Drinking coffee can trigger a hormone response that causes the need to use the bathroom quickly.
  • 👀 Milk in coffee blocks bitterness and adds sweetness, while cold brew and iced coffee have different flavors, and coffee grows best at higher altitudes.
    • Milk in coffee acts as a bitter blocker and adds sweetness, while sugar doesn’t decrease bitterness, and as for tea, it’s unclear why people add milk and sugar.
    • Cold brew is made with cold water and steeped for a long time, while iced coffee is hot coffee brewed strong and rapidly chilled with ice, resulting in a more complex flavor, but some people prefer the taste of the cold brew.
    • The best climate for growing coffee is at higher altitudes with warm sunny days and cool evenings, which gives a denser coffee seed and a more complex cup of coffee, with exceptions being island coffee like Hawaii.
  • 👨‍🍳 💡 Brewing better coffee requires a kitchen scale, grinding your own beans, and understanding the differences between latte, flat white, and cappuccino.
    • There’s no correct answer for coffee-to-water ratios, but a recommended guideline is 60 grams of coffee per liter of water, and a kitchen scale is essential for consistent brewing.
    • Grinding your own coffee beans makes a huge difference to the taste and is a wonderful thing.
    • There are differences between a latte, flat white, and cappuccino in terms of strength, texture, and history.
  • 👨‍🔬 ☕️ Coffee brewing has different methods, including drip, pour over, siphon, and full immersion, and raw coffee beans should not be eaten.
    • Drip coffee and pour over coffee are essentially the same finished drink, but pour-over is a fancy subset within the category of drip coffee.
    • Learn how a siphon works for coffee brewing with a halogen light heater and nucleation point to prevent superheating.
    • Brew coffee by reducing heat, adding coffee, and enjoying the changing aroma as it brews, then turn off the heat to create negative pressure and suck the grounds and water.
    • There are two big schools of coffee brewing: full immersion and filter coffee, with full immersion being easier and more effortless, and raw coffee beans should not be eaten as they are very hard.
    • Coffee seeds are designed to pass through the body, but fresh coffee fruit is delicious; the inventor of coffee is unknown, but it was first consumed in Yemen and Ethiopia.
  • 👨‍🍳 Roasting coffee at home in a gas oven is possible but not ideal, freezing beans is recommended, nitrogen adds texture, excessive consumption disrupts sleep, and espresso is a concentrated extract with crema.
    • Roasting coffee beans at home in a domestic gas oven is possible but not desirable as it won’t roast evenly and can result in a harsh, bitter taste.
    • Freezing coffee beans is recommended for long-term storage, but avoid putting them in the fridge and instead opt for an airtight package in the freezer.
    • Adding nitrogen to coffee creates a foamy head and adds texture to the drink, similar to beer, resulting in a creamy black coffee.
    • Coffee is good for your health, but excessive consumption can disrupt your sleep quality.
    • Espresso is a small, strong cup of coffee brewed from finely ground coffee under high pressure, resulting in a concentrated extract with a red-brown foam on top called crema.
  • 👀 Sugar can balance out bad coffee, but good coffee should have a natural sweetness and three to four cups a day is a good level for most people.
    • Burnt coffee depends on how it was burnt, there’s no age limit for kids to drink coffee, and many people put sugar in their coffee.
    • Sugar can balance out acidity and bitterness in bad coffee, but good coffee should have a natural sweetness, and reheating coffee generates harsh, bitter flavor compounds.
    • For most people, three to four cups of coffee a day is a good level to aim at, but it depends on individual caffeine metabolism and its effect on sleep.
    • Turkish coffee is strong due to the fine grind and adding spices, while whiskey and coffee make a delicious combination.
  • 👑 Dalgona coffee trend rose and fell during the pandemic as people sought simple pleasures at home.
    • Dalgona coffee became popular during the pandemic due to its simplicity and availability of ingredients, but as people were able to go out again and enjoy better coffee, the trend faded

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